His name was Abul-Hussain Muslim-bin-Habaj al Nishapuri. He was born in
a distinguished family of Arab Muslims in Khorasan which. was a famous
town of Russia. Imaam Muslim was born in 817 A.D. corresponding to the
Islamic year 204 A.H. His forefathers occupied prominent positions
during the time of the four Caliphs. He travelled to many places with
the object of learning Hadith, and after completing his studies in the
various centres of learning, he settled at Nishapur. He spend the rest
of his life teaching Hadith.
Imaam Muslim started his studies at the very early age of fourteen
years. In the year 218 A.H. the atmosphere in Nishapur, his birthplace,
was of a religious and knowledge type. Nishapur had great personalities
in this period such as lmaam Rahiwe and lmaam Zohri. After travelling
widely in search of Hadith, he settled in Nishapur as mentioned above.
Imaam Muslim was much impressed by the vast knowledge of Imaam Bukhari
(R.A.), in the field of Hadith and the deep insight he possessed on this
subject. He therefore attached himself to Imaam Bukhari (R.A.) up to the
end of his life. Imaam Muslim was also an admirer of another great
teacher of Hadith, Muhammed bin Yahya al Dhuli. He attended his lectures
regularly. He visited Baghdad several times and had the opportunity of
delivering lessons there. His last visit to Baghdad was two years before
IMAAM MUSLIM'S TEACHERS:
Imaam Muslim (R.A.) apart from attending the lessons of Imaam Bukhari
regularly, also attended the lectures of lmaam Ahmad bin Hambal,
Abdullah al Qarri, Qutaiba bin Said, Abdullah bin Maslama and other
IMAAM MUSLIM'S STUDENTS:
Imaam Muslim (R.A.'s) most noted students are Hatim Razi, Ahrnad bin
Salmah, Abu Isa Tinnizi, Abubaker bin Khuzaima and other great scholars.
CHARACTER AND KNOWLEDGE:
Imaam Muslim R.A. adhered strictly to the path of righteousness. He was
in fact a great saint of a very high calibre. His excellent character
can be well judged from the simple fact that he never ever indulged in
backbiting, a very common human failing. He had a remarkable memory.
Ishaq bin Rahwi said of Imaam Muslim; " I wonder what this person is
going to be?" This was said in his youth. Ishaq Kausar once addressed
lmaam Muslim (R.A.) and said; "Your presence in the Muslim community
will always keep it in the good. " Abu Saimah who was a colleague of
lmaam Muslim was so attached to him that while lmaam Sahib was busy
compiling the Sahih Muslim, he remained in lmaam Sahib's company for
fifteen years. He never told a lie nor did he ever use vulgar words.
Sheikh Abdul Latief says Imaam Tirmidhi and Imaam Muslim were followers
of the Shafee school of thought, although they were both Mujtahids.
Moulana Abdur-Rashid says that Imaam Muslim was a Maliki. The fact is
what was said by Sheikh Tahir Jazari that Imaam Muslim is not a Maliki
nor a Hanifi nor a Shafi, but his compilation of the sahih Muslim shows
that he was more inclined towards the Shafee 000school of thought.
Allamah Nabawi (R.A.) says that the Ummat have accepted the Bukhari
Shareef and Muslim Shareef as the Kitabs, which follow the Quraan, in
authenicity although the Bukhari is regarded as holding a higher
position than the Sahih Muslim for specific reasons, the sequence
applied in the Muslim is much better than that of Bukhari. It is known
as Al-Jamah as Sahih because it contains the eight different subjects on
AL-JAMAH AS SAHIH MUSLIM:
Imaam Bukhari (R.A.) concentrated his efforts on compilation of
authentic hadith as well as deduction of Laws from Hadith. This is the
most difficult part to understand in the Bukhari. How he deduced Laws
from the Hadis, Imam Muslim concentrated his efforts only on compilation
of authentic Hadith.